Throughout the 2023 SMART4SEA Discussion board, Mr. Ross Millar, Loss Prevention Affiliate, Steamship Mutual, gave a presentation titled “Augmented Actuality adoption: Prospects & Hurdles for Navigational Security in Transport”, explaining the advantages of such methods, which coaching requirements are very important and what sort of expertise is required in the direction of.

What does navigational security imply for an individual, a enterprise, or an business?

A number of measures have been put in place to extend the security of ships at sea. A few of these span completely different elements of the business:


  • Pilotage or vessel site visitors companies.
  • Procedural, equivalent to ship routing schemes.
  • Others contain the usage of expertise, equivalent to ECDIS, AIS, and the development of hydrographic data and knowledge.
  • One aim in thoughts: to extend maritime security.

This expertise will likely be utilised along side officers to enhance or complement bridge operations in any respect phases of a voyage. As a substitute of changing human experience, laptop processing capability can be utilized and mixed with it, rising productiveness on the bridge and guaranteeing navigation and cargo duties are carried out safely and effectively.

What this expertise is and the way it’s employed?

  • Augmented Actuality (AR) is the latest development in a protracted collection of expertise that started with army planes. For many years, fighter jet pilots have employed head-up shows and different enhanced flight methods to realize a tactical benefit within the airspace over battles.
  • VR entails depriving a number of of your senses.


  • Present to the pilot with the knowledge they require with out having to look down on the devices, boosting situational consciousness, and reducing workload on the flight deck.
  • AR goes this a step additional by permitting the pilots to view out the window and see essential data as they transfer in regards to the plane, reasonably than simply the static show.

Such a expertise:

  • Improves scenario consciousness.
  • Reduces workload throughout important navigation durations equivalent to approaching or departing ports.
  • Operates in low visibility or busy transport lanes by helping the mariner by analysing vessel actions and solely together with different vessels that pose a danger to your vessel in transit by analysing vessel actions and solely together with different vessels that pose a danger to your vessel in transit.

The methods even have an unrivalled capability to take data from a wide range of sources, course of it, and prioritise it, simplifying the knowledge that the OOW should give attention to.

In a congested transport lane, for instance, an AR system can determine, observe, and prioritise vessels that could be of concern to the workplace of the watch, rising situational consciousness, reducing workload, and permitting the OOW to give attention to what’s of pressing concern to the vessel’s security.

Utilizing these strategies, developments in knowledge expertise could also be swiftly disseminated to sailors, and historic data, equivalent to a port accepting deep-drafted vessels, may be analysed within the design phases to develop consciousness of any particular issues with a port. For instance, it is possible for you to to watch how vessels of a given draught arrive and exit a port, in addition to if something must be mentioned or raised with the pilot, which is able to then be overlay on the augmented actuality show.

Nonetheless, AI (Synthetic Intelligence) and AR (Augmented Actuality) are removed from flawless and are nonetheless of their infancy.

  • The system will at all times work inside the constraints of the programming that surrounds it.
  • Whereas AI is able to studying and adapting to its environment, the pc should perceive what’s going on round it and the way to answer it relying on context and knowledge obtained.
  • Unknown variables that exist however haven’t been beforehand described could pose issues with the methods, and that is the place the wedding of human enter and expertise is important.

AR might be used to scale back the quantity and severity of incidents, but when utilized incorrectly, it could not consequence within the desired influence – a discount in incidents and casualties – however reasonably a rise as a result of different causes ensuing from the use, or reliance, on expertise.

Will this be applied on smaller vessels that don’t pose substantial liabilities?

How a joined-up method to expertise drives folks efficiency

For the time being, in all probability not, as a result of the set up and upkeep prices are prohibitively costly. This may occasionally change as the worth falls. Nonetheless, for an FCC container vessel with a $65 million hull worth and probably greater than $1 billion in cargo, the liabilities that might be incurred if the vessel is topic to a casualty occasion could make these methods an interesting possibility, not just for prevention but additionally for robustly defending any such claims that could be generated sooner or later.

Lastly, guide skills equivalent to ship dealing with are important for apparent causes. With the ability to use your senses at sea can also be important. Nonetheless, I might counsel that the kind of AR expertise we now have explored will increase reasonably than change our senses. Certainly, augmented actuality instruments might be utilised as wonderful on-the-job coaching instruments for junior officers, exposing and instructing them on what the Grasp is utilising to manoeuvre the ship safely and effectively.

Above article has been edited from Mr. Ross Millar presentation in the course of the 2023 SMART4SEA Athens Discussion board.

Discover extra by watching his video presentation herebelow

The views introduced are solely these of the creator and don’t essentially mirror these of SAFETY4SEA and are for data sharing and dialogue functions solely.